The Children's Science Congress, a flagship programme of NCSTC, DST aims at spreading the concept of the method of science among the children with their project activities adopting the process of learning through doing. The mandate of participation is that the children will carry out a project on a particular topic in relation to a Focal theme and several sub-themes decided for a period of two consecutive years. The study is to be carried out in the neighbourhood of the children where they live or study. It is a group activity on a local specific problem using simple method of science. Participating children with their own inquiry based study are called as Child Scientist.
Further, it is not mandatory that the guide must be a school teacher; rather any person with a fair knowledge about method of science and have the aptitude of dealing with children can guide the CSC project. By doing so, the children also imbibes the following temperament/ quality/skills of the children:
It is, therefore, expected that any group of children can undertake a project work with a perspective of continuous effort of questioning and experimentation. Here, observation incorporates anything the children observe in their daily lifes and/or their local contexts, in relation to the theme defined for that year.