The Project Report
The structure of the project report of NCSC shall be as follows:
- Cover page - Must be written in English or Hindi
- Title of the project
- Name and address of group leader and co-worker
- Name and address of guide
- Name of the School/ Organisation with full address
- The top right hand side of the project should have the Project Code (State Code followed by Number).
- The Language of the Project also should be prominently written below the Project Code.
- Form - A (Registration Form)
- Abstract: Must be written in English. It is 250 words for lower age group and 300 words upper age group. Format for writing the Abstract is given in Annexure II.
- Contents: List of chapter with detail heading and sub-heading, list of table, chart, maps, etc. along with references against page numbers.
- Introduction: Description on background of the study and its relevance to the focal theme, rationale and social context.
- Hypothesis: To be written clearly in one or two sentences
- Objective(s):To be written clearly point by point, not as running statement (not more than five)
- Experimentation: Provide list of materials used for the experimentation, explain the treatments and control, provide neatly labelled sketch and/ or diagram wherever necessary, document every step of the study by taking photograph, etc.
- Survey: Clearly describe survey methodology followed, sampling procedure, and sample size, provide sample questionnaire used, document every step of the work by taking photograph etc. Usually the sample size should be decided depending on population and should be representative of the targeted population.
- Case study: This is a specific study carrying out focusing on a particular area/ community to understand certain issues or its impact. In such cases, principles of survey will remain same but there is a need to explain that context of the area/community covered in the case study along with significant learning outcomes apart from the other processes of data analysis and interpretation. It could also involve process documentation which is very important for a scientific understanding.
- Observations and data collection: This refers to what has been observed during the experimentation. Observation can be both qualitative as well as quantitative, Please note that observing some phenomenon is different in scientific parlance where specific information is generated under different set of conditions. The qualitative data (information) need to be transformed into quantitative form either using ranking approach or weighted index for numerical analysis.
- Data analysis and interpretation: The data that have been generated out of experiments/observations/survey need to be tabulated in a structured manner. Different tools and methods can be used to analyse the data, to understand the patterns that emerge from it to get results and finally draw conclusions. (Remember, the raw data that is generated is not the final result. Raw data is to be analysed using simple statistical methods/tools and then the interpretation of the result to be made).
- Results: Results are the output of the study derived from data analysis and interpretation leading to meaningful outcomes with the help of a logical framework. Sometimes, it may be needed to redo the experiments to get consistent results. However, final result is the analysed data presented in structured table as well as graphical form.
- Conclusion/Inference: This is the logical end of the project where the experimenter tries to arrive at specific conclusions from the final result(s). In a way, the whole objective of the project was to arrive at some conclusion, either positive or negative which would lead to a better understanding of the problem.
- Solution to the problem: Once the problem is understood using the above steps, it may lead to one or more possible solutions.
- Future scope of the work (Follow-up): Every research is open-ended. In other words, in a defined time-period and with given resources, a research work cannot end-up to draw solution to that particular problem, which may need further refinement for suitable and wide application and hence, every research work must have some scope to do the same or similar study by the same researcher or other as and when necessity arises. In NCSC, one can think of possible scope of work to be considered as future plan of action for addressing the problem further.
- Acknowledgement: It is duty of a researcher to acknowledge all the persons who extended help in various forms for accomplishing the work. A list of such persons to be provided with a generous statement of gratitude.
- References/Bibliography: This part includes the list of books, journals, magazine, articles those have been consulted in relation to the project. If these are referred in the write-up of the project, then it is termed as reference; else it is bibliography/ literature cited. In NCSC, it is in general bibliography.
- Word Limit:
The word limit for the written report for the lower age group is 2500 and that for the upper age group is 3500. The written report can be substantiated by photographs, neatly drawn sketches, illustrations and / or drawings, etc.
Language is not a barrier for participation in National Children's Science Congress. Children can carry out and present their project in any schedule language or any language which is recognized as medium of education by the respective State Government or Central Government in India.